People are amazing, they feel pain, they cry, they laugh, they enjoy, they fight, and they die. Today, we are going to explore such 121 highly influential people who left their impact in the history of mankind. Such 121 influential people whom we still follow, believe, and admire. These personalities have significant influence in our daily life; from religion to technology, we find their sayings and inventions still widely use and admire.
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Without any ado;
Let’s see such 121 highly influential people ever born:
Prophet Muhammad (570 – 632 AD)
Prophet Muhammad – founder of Islam – is a religious, military, and political leader who united Arabia under Islam. He is known as final Prophet from Allah (God), his finality is mention in Bible as well. By the age of 40, Prophet received his first revelation from Allah in the Ghar-e-Hira, which is currently located in Makkah, Saudi Arabia. After revelations Prophet started to preach people of Arab. It took countless hard work and dedication that in just 20 years Prophet as a leader of Muslims conquer Makkah – hub of Arabia.
As a religious leader he is founder of 2nd largest religion of the world. As a military leader he fought and won several wars, despite having low human and militaristic equipment resources. Prophet – during war – never hurt children, olds, and women. As a political leader he helped to unite Arab under Islam. Additionally, Prophet’s simplicity, generosity, and intelligence make him most influential people ever born in the history of mankind. Today, Prophet’s has 1.8 billion followers worldwide. Hence, Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is highest influential person ever born.
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Jesus Christ has significant influence in two largest religions in the world – Christian and Islam. Muslims recognized Jesus as a Prophet of Allah and called him Prophet Isa. While Christians recognized Jesus as son of God. However, the actual date of birth of Jesus is still a mystery, the current date of Jesus’s birth – 25 December – is complete hypothetical.
The place where Jesus born and brought up is Nazareth, currently located in Israel. At the age of 34 Jesus began by preaching in the towns of Galilee, modern day Israel. Soon he became famous and believed by many. Jesus’ fame came up with enemies as well. While preaching in Jerusalem, he was arrested by Jewish Police and taken before Jewish Priest where he got death punishment. Jesus’ life is a set of mysteries, his birth date and tomb is completely unknown.
Isaac Newton (1642 – 1727 AD)
Sir Issac Newton was 17th century British physicist, astronomer, and mathematician. Known for his work for gravitation. He is consider as highly influential scientist in the history.
Gautama Buddha (563 – 483 BC)
A spiritual leader and founder of Buddhism.
Aristotle (384 – 322 BC)
A scientist and ancient philosopher, one of the founding father of western philosophy.
Paul the Apostle (5 – 67 AD)
The Apostle is consider as second most important personality in the history of Christianity. He was the leader of 1st century’s Christians and one of the writer of New Testament.
Alexander the Great (356 – 323 BC)
He was king of Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia. His greatest achievement was to conquer Persian Empire – that time’s super power. He was the student of Aristotle.
Leonardo da Vinci (1452 – 1519 AD)
Leonardo da Vinci was famous artist and intellectual of Italy. His famous work is “Mona Lisa” and “The Last Supper”, which is still largely admired.
Christopher Columbus (1451 – 1506 AD)
Italian explorer that discover “New World” – America.
Albert Einstein (1879 – 1955 AD)
The man behind “E=mc^2”. He was German scientist famously known for theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics. Indeed, Einstein is well known influential man in the world.
Louis Pasteur (1822 – 1895 AD)
He was famous french biologist and chemist, renown for the cure of rabies and discoveries such as Principles of Vaccination.
Galileo Galilei (1564 – 1642 AD)
Galilieo was Italian scientist, physicist, astronomer, and mathematician. By his theory of Copernican he proved sun-centered solar system. He is the pioneer of modern physics and astronomy.
Confucius (551 – 479 BC)
Chinese philosopher whose philosophy became China’s official imperial philosophy. He is recognized as most influential personality in China.
Johann Gutenberg (1395 – 1468 AD)
A German inventor behind paper printing and printed World’s first printed book, Forty-Two-Line Bible.
Euclid (c. 325 – 265 BC)
Prominent mathematician of Alexandria Egypt.
Moses (c 1391 – 1271 BC)
A prominent figure in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. These 3 religions claimed him as prophet of God.
Charles Darwin (1809 – 1882 AD)
The man behind well-known theory of evolution – survival of fittest.
Musa al-Khwarizmi (c. 780 – c. 850)
Persian mathematician and astronomer, gives concept of algebra – also called “Father of Algebra”.
Cai Lun (50 – 121 AD)
A Chinese inventor behind the invention of paper.
Shih Huang Ti (259 – 210 BC)
Emperor of Qin dynasty in China who united different regions of ancient China.
Augustus Caesar (63 BC – 14 AD)
The founder of Roman Empire and first ruler of Roman Empire in 27 BC.
Nicolaus Copernicus (1473-1543 AD)
The one who established the idea heliocentric solar system, in which sun is the center of sun.
Antoine Laurent Lavoisier (1743 – 1794 AD)
18-century French chemist who bring chemical revolution. One of the leading financier of French Revolution.
Constantine the Great (272 – 337 AD)
First Roman Emperor accepted Christianity.
Hazrat Ali (601 – 611 AD)
Prominent Islamic leader and fourth caliph of Muslims. Followed by millions of Muslims and a superior personality in Shia sect of Islam. After Prophet Muhammad, Hazrat Ali considers influential people.
James Watt (1736 – 1819 AD)
He was a Scottish inventor and mechanical engineer. Famous for his work in betterment of steam engine.
Michael Faraday (1791 – 1867 AD)
He was an English scientist and physicist contributed in the field of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.
James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879 AD)
He was a Scottish scientist and physicist famously known for formulate the classical theory of electromagnetic radiation.
Martin Luther (1483-1546 AD)
He was German priest, monk, and a seminal figure in the Protestant Reformation.
George Washington (1732 – 1799 AD)
He was first President of United States and also the leader of Continental Army in the American Revolution. George Washington is most influential people during America’s independence.
Karl Marx (1818 – 1883 AD)
German philosopher and anticapitalist who introduce communism to the world. He wrote Communism Manifesto that further form Marxism.
Orville and Wilbur Wright Orville (1871 – 1948 AD)
The Wright Brothers were the first to invented, built, and flew first airplane successfully.
Genghis Khan (1162 – 1227 AD)
He was the founder of Mangol Empire, which was second largest empire in the history of mankind.
Adam Smith (1723-1790 AD)
He was Scottish Political Scientist, Economist, Scholar, and Philosopher. He was the writer of famous book “Wealth of Nations” and the founder of comprehensive system of political economy.
William Shakespeare (1564- 1616 AD)
English writer and poet widely known as greatest English writer of all time.
John Dalton (1766 – 1844 AD)
He was an English physicists and chemist credited with pioneering modern atomic theory.
Napoleon Bonaparte (1769 – 1821 AD)
He was military leader and first statesman of France. A prominence figure in French Revolution.
Thomas Edison (1847 – 1931 AD)
An American inventor and businessman behind the revolutionary invention – light bulb. His invention lead him into one of the influential people in the history.
Antony van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723 AD)
A dutch businessman and scientist commonly known for “the Father of Microbiology”.
William T.G. Morton (1819 – 1868 AD)
An American dentist demonstrated publicly the use of surgical anesthetic.
Che Guevara (1928 – 1967 AD)
A revolutionary military leader during Cuban Revolution. His influential personality helps him to get such fame.
Guglielmo Marconi (1874 – 1937 AD)
An Italian inventor and scientist famously known for his pioneering work on long-distance radio transmission.
Abraham Lincoln (1809 – 1865 AD)
16th president of United States of America and a war time leader during US Civil War.
Adolf Hitler (1889 – 1945 AD)
A leader a Nazi Germany during World War 2.
Plato (424 – 348 BC)
A Greek philosopher and founder of first higher education institution in the Western world – Academy in Athens.
Oliver Cromwell (1599 – 1658 AD)
An English statesman and military leader during English Civil War. Later became Protector of England.
Husayn ibn Ali (626 – 680 AD)
Son of greatest military leader of Muslims – Ali (as) – martyred in the battle of Karbala. Even after passing 1400 years millions of Muslims still mourns for Husayn ibn Ali.
Alexander Graham Bell (1847 – 1922 AD)
Inventor of telephone.
Umar ibn Al-Khattab (584 – 644 AD)
Second caliph of Muslims – second emperor of Rashidun empire – one of the most influential people in Muslim world.
Alexander Fleming (1881 – 1955 AD)
Nobel Prize winner Alexander was the first person created world’s first antibiotic substance.
John Locke (1632 – 1704 AD)
An English philosopher widely known as “Father of Liberalism”.
Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 – 1827 AD)
A German music composer.
Werner Heisenberg (1901 – 1976 AD)
German physicists, one of the pioneer of quantum mechanics.
Nikola Tesla (1856 – 1943 AD)
An American scientist, physicists, and electrical engineer invented initial design of AC (alternating current).
Nelson Mandela (1918 – 2013 AD)
A Nobel Prize winner from South Africa and also the president.
Louis Daguerre (1787 – 1851 AD)
He was a french artist and photographer known as one of the first fathers of photography.
Abu Bakr (573 – 634 AD)
The first caliph of Muslims and senior companion of Prophet Muhammad.
Simon Bolivar (1783 – 1830 AD)
He was Venezuelan military leader and an influential figure during revolutions against Spanish Empire.
King Akbar (1542 – 1605 AD)
He was third Mughal emperor who conquered and gained governance over whole Indian subcontinent.
Rene Descartes (1596 – 1650 AD)
French philosopher behind the quote “I think, therefore I am”.
Michelangelo (1475 – 1564 AD)
The famous Italian artist, sculptor, and painter of the Italian Renaissance.
Pope Urban II (1042 – 1099)
He was the famous and influential pope giving rise to the Crusades. He was such influential people that on his orders millions of Christians march towards Jerusalem for war.
He was ancient Indian emperor of Maurya Dynasty, who ruled whole Indian subcontinent.
Augustine of Hippo (345 – 430 AD)
He was among the first people, whose services influenced the Western Christianity and Western Philosophy.
William Harvey (1578 – 1657 AD)
The first physician to recognized complete circulation of the blood in human body.
Ernest Rutherford (1871 – 1937 AD)
He was New Zealand born British scientist gave actual model of atom.
John Calvin (1509 – 1564 AD)
He was French theologian, made significant impact on the Protestant Reformation.
Gregor Mendel (1822 – 1882 AD)
He was pioneer of genetics.
Max Planck (1858 – 1947 AD)
He was German theoretical physicists got Nobel Prize for the discovery of energy quanta.
Joseph Lister (1827 – 1912 AD)
He was British surgeon and the pioneer of antiseptic surgery.
Nikolaus August Otto (1832 – 1891 AD)
Without this gentleman we can have car engines; he developed internal combustion engine.
Guru Nanak (1469 – 1539 AD)
The founder of Sikhism and first of the ten Sikh Gurus. Sikh’s consider Guru as most influential people.
Marie Curie (1867 – 1934 AD)
Only person in the history to get two Nobel prizes. First woman on this list of 121 influential people.
Francisco Pizarro (1471 – 1541 AD)
He was Spanish military leader who lead expedition to conquer Inca Empire of mesoamerica.
Hernando Cortes (1485 – 1547 AD)
Another Spanish military leader who conquered Aztec Empire of mesoamerica.
Thomas Jefferson (1743 – 1826 AD)
Third US President and main author of US Declaration of Independence.
Queen Isabella I (1451 – 1504 AD)
He was the Queen of Castile, the one who finance Christopher Columbus’ 1492 voyage. A Queen must has an influential personality so Queen Isabella had.
Joseph Stalin (1878 – 1953 AD)
He was wartime leader of USSR during World War 1 and governed USSR under dictatorship.
Julius Caesar (100 – 44 BC)
He was a dictator of Roman turned Roman Republic into the powerful Roman Empire.
William the Conqueror (1028 – 1087 AD)
The King behind making Britain a leading power in Europe.
Hippocrates (460 – 370 BC)
His services in medicine are remarkable for that he is called “Father of Medicine”.
Archimedes (287 – 212 BC)
He was a Greek mathematician, inventor, and physicist whose inventions and formulas are still working in developing countries.
Sigmund Freud (1856 – 1939 AD)
Australian neurologist and founder of psychoanalysis. An influential personality from Australia.
Edward Jenner (1749 – 1823 AD)
The person who was the pioneer of world’s first vaccine – smallpox vaccine.
Timur (1336 – 1405 AD)
The founder and first emperor of Timurid Dynasty.
Mao Zedong (1893 – 1976 AD)
He was Chinese communist revolutionary leader and finding father of People’s Republic of China.
Wilhelm Conrad Roentgen (1845 – 1923 AD)
Have you ever heard about X-rays? Well, these are also called Roentgen-rays.
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750)
A magnificent German composer.
Mahatma Gandhi (1869 – 1948 AD)
Mahatma was Indian revolutionary leader led India to Independence and inspired civil movements around the world. His influential personality helped in India’s Independence.
A Chinese philosopher and writer, the founder of Taoism.
Voltaire (1694 – 1778 AD)
French philosopher and writer famously known for his stance against Catholic Church and Christianity and an advocate of Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Religion.
Johannes Kepler (1571 – 1630 AD)
Johannes was German mathematician and astronomer. His work on laws of planetary motion inspired Issac Newton’s theory of universal gravitation.
God of love and compassion in Hinduism. Hindu recognized Krishna as one of the influential God.
Enrico Fermi (1901 – 1954 AD)
The person who made world’s first nuclear reactor.
Leonhard Euler (1707 – 1783 AD)
A Swiss mathematician contributed in mathematics in various ways.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778 AD)
Jean was a French philosopher and writer his philosophy influence politics in France.
Nicoli Machiavelli (1469 – 1527 AD)
He was a Italian diplomat, philosopher, historian, and writer. His work “The Prince” gave him title “Father of Modern Political Science”.
Thomas Malthus (1766 – 1834 AD)
He was a English scholar best known for his influential theories on population growth.
Lenin (1870 – 1924 AD)
The person behind making Russia a Communist state.
Bill Gates (1955 – present)
A philanthropist, business, and author from America and co-founder of Microsoft corporation.
Emperor Wen of Sui (541 – 604 AD)
The founder and first emperor of China’s Sui dynasty.
Babur (1483 – 1530 AD)
The person who conquered India and laid the base of Mughal empire and became first emperor.
Muhammad Ali Jinnah (1876 – 1948 AD)
A lawyer, politician, and the founder of Pakistan and also the first governor general of Pakistan.
Vasco da Dama (1469 – 1524 AD)
1st count of Vidigueira, Portugal and first European to reach India by sea.
Attila the Hun (406 – 453 AD)
Emperor of Hunnic Empire.
Charles Babbage (1791 – 1871 AD)
The person who gave the concept of digital programming computer.
Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225 – 1274 AD)
An Italian saint, catholic priest, and Doctor of the Doctor.
Vladimir Putin (1952 – present)
Vladimir Putin is a Russian statesman and world’s most powerful man.
Cyrus the Great (600 – 530 BC)
The founder of Achaemenid Empire, a long time influential people in the empire.
Peter the Great (1672 – 1725 AD)
The rule of Russian empire.
Steve Jobs (1955 – 2011 AD)
An American entrepreneur, inventor and business man and founder of CEO Apple Inc, a true influential people.
Francis Bacon (1561 – 1626 AD)
An English statesman, author, scientist, and philosopher, became Lord of Chancellor of England.
Henry Ford (1863 – 1947 AD)
He was American business man, captain of industry, and founder of Ford Motors Company.
Mencius (372 – 289 BC)
An ancient Chinese philosopher, a true influential personality.
The founder of Zoroastrianism.
Queen Elizabeth I (1533 – 1603 AD)
Queen of England and Ireland and last monarch from House of Tudor.
Mikhail Gorbachev (1931 – present)
Last president of Soviet Union.
He was pharaoh of ancient Egypt and founder of Egypt’s first dynasty.
Joan of Arc (1412 – 1431)
Born in a peasant family in Kingdom of France, she is considered as heroine of Hundred Year War between France and British. She is only influential soldier woman in the list.
Charlemagne (742 – 814 AD)
He was emperor of Romans, famous for his efforts to unite Europe.
He was a poet from Greece, little is known about Homer, not his birth date nor death date is known.
Note: All images used in this article are taken from Public Domain only.